Begum, Amena (1925-1989) politician. Amena Begum was born in 1925 at village
Faridganj in Faridganj thana of Chandpur district. She passed
Matriculation examination in 1940 from Nawab Faizunnesa Girls’ School,
Comilla and IA in 1942 from Eden Girls’ College, Dhaka.
Amena Begum joined East Pakistan Awami Muslim
League in 1950. She was elected a member of the East Bengal Legislative
Assembly in 1954 as a united
front candidate in the reserve seats for women in
Comilla-Sylhet constituency. Amena Begum was elected as secretary of
women affairs in central executive committee of Awami League in 1966
which office she held till 1970.
At the initial stage of the
in 1966, when the top ranking leaders of Awami League including its
president Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and general secretary
Tajuddin Ahmed were arrested, Amena Begum was made the acting general
secretary of the party on 27 July 1966 with Ataur Rahman Khan, vice
president of the party, as acting president. Amena Begum had a pivotal
role in helming the affairs of the party in that critical period of
repression of the autocratic Ayub government upon the activists of the
party throughout the country. She played important role in organising the
Six-point Movement and maintaining liaison with the Awami League
activists working to that end. She contributed a lot to the floating of eleven points Movement
of the students in October 1968 and in organising the anti-Ayub mass upsurge in
Amena Begum was
serious in asserting her subsequent position in Awami League, and in
the following convention (1970) claimed the portfolio of general
secretary of the party. Her expectation being denied, Amena Begum
resigned from Awami League and later joined the newly floated (1969)
Jatiya League headed by Ataur Rahman Khan. She was elected as senior
vice president of Jatiya League on 20 August 1970. Amena Begum
contested in the Pakistan National Assembly election in 1970 from
Dhaka-9 constituency as a nominee of Jatiya League only to sustain a
With the revival of Jatiya League in 1976 under
the Political Parties Regulations of the martial law government, Amena
Begum became active in politics as senior vice president of the party.
She took part in the movement against the military rule of Hussein
Mohammed Ershad with her party as member of the seven party alliance.
After the party president Ataur Rahman Khan joined the cabinet of General
Ershad as Prime Minister in 1984, Amena Begum re-organised Jatiya League
and took over as president of the party.
She died in Dhaka on 7 April 1989. [Muazzam Hussain Khan]