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Fatikchhari Upazila (chittagong district)  area 773.55 sq km, located in between 22°35´ and 22°58´ north latitudes and in between 91°38´ and 91°57´ east longitudes. It is bounded by tripura state of India on the north, hathazari and kawkhali (rangamati) upazilas on the south, ramgarh, manikchhari, lakshmichhari and raozan upazilas on the east, mirsharai and sitakunda upazilas on the west.

Population  Total 441863; male 226316, female 215547; Muslim 385224, Hindu 45916, Buddhist 191, Christian 9365 and others 1167. Indigenous communities such as tripura, chakma, marma and Kheyang belong to this upazila.

Water bodies  Main river: Dhurung.

Administration  Fatikchhari Thana, now an upazila, was formed in 1918. 

 

Upazila

Municipality

Union

Mouza

Village

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

-

20

102

206

36550

405313

571

48.4

42.7

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

22.03

4

36550

1659

48.4

Union

Name of union and GO code

Area (acre)

Population

Literacy rate (%)

Male

Female

Abdullapur 4

529

3114

2895

54.98

Kanchannagar 52

14612

11539

11309

21.26

Jafarnagar 47

1562

8520

7303

70.64

Dantmara 23

12367

19914

18764

33.56

Daulatpur 38

2871

12468

12195

58.84

Dharmapur 28

3719

11145

11614

61.75

Dhurung 33

1972

9881

9650

49.78

Nanupur 61

12031

22812

16122

51.16

Narayanhat 66

14800

14317

13869

31.24

Paindanga 71

7209

10951

10612

36.50

Baktapur 14

1136

4867

5420

60.91

Bagan Bazar 9

47251

18549

17689

28.68

Bhujpur 19

13311

14387

13545

35.46

Rangamatia 76

7209

8275

8744

46.85

Roushangiri 80

1723

5579

5198

54.48

Lelang 57

11062

8341

8780

51.80

Samitirhat 90

2601

7861

8780

51.32

Sundarpur 95

2599

9064

9512

4.30

Suabil 85

17810

14287

13307

37.38

Harwalchhari 42

14772

10445

10239

28.12

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

 

Archaeological heritage and relics  Company Tila, Ahsan Ullah Gomasta Mosque, Courtpar Buddhist Vihara, Adullapur Buddhist Vihara, Kalibari Mandir (Nanupur).

History of the War of Liberation  In March 1971, M. R Siddiqui, Major ziaur rahman and Zonal Commandar Mirza Abu Mansur at Fatikchhari established a training camp for the freedom fighters. The freedom fighters of Chittagong region used to go to India for training and come back through this upazila. Thus Fatikchhari is regarded as the gateway to freedom fighters. The playground of Abu Subhan School at village Nanupur of the upazila was a site of the refugee camp. About 1500 freedom fighters of the upazila took part in the war of liberation. 

 

 

Marks of the War of Liberation  Mass grave 4 (Lelang Tea Garden, Darbar Sharif, Bagan Bazar, Dantmara).

Religious institutions  Mosque 570, temple 50, pagoda 8, tomb 3.

Literacy rate and educational institutions  Average literacy 43.2%; male 46.2%, female 40%. Educational institutions: college 6, secondary school 44, primary school 217, madrasa 177. Noted educational institutions: Fatikchhari Degree College (1970), Fatikchhari Coronation Model High School (1912), Maizbhander Ahmadia Adarsha High School, Haithchakia High School (1926), Abdul Hadi Institution (1932), Lathifur Rahman High School (1933), Nanupur Abu Sobhan High School (1942), Dhurung Khulshi Lions High School (1943), Fatikchhari Jameul Ulum Fazil Madrasa (1904), Jamia Arabia Nachhirul Islam Madrasa (1912), Nanupur Sunniya Madrasa (1928).

Newspapers and periodicals  Monthly: Fatikchhari Barta, Fatikchhari Sambad, Jibanbati, Daoatul Huq.

Cultural organisations  Library 1, auditorium 1, park 1, cinema hall 1, community centre 1.

Main sources of income  Agriculture 35.88%, non-agricultural labourer 5.37%, industry 0.80%, commerce 13.37%, transport and communication 2.29%, service 14.44%, construction 0.92%, religious service 0.39%, rent and remittance 12.16% and others 14.38%.

Ownership of agricultural land  Landowner 46.12%, landless 53.88%; agricultural landowner: urban 44.77% and rural 46.25%.

Main crops  Paddy, tea, rubber, potato, onion, garlic, pulse, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops  Sugarcane, tobaco, watermelon.

Main fruits  Mango, black berry, jackfruit, litchi, guava, lemon, banana, shaddock, plum, Indian gooseberry, olive, custard apple.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries  Fishery 20, poultry 298, hatchery 1. 

Communication facilities  Pucca road 100 km, semi-pucca road 165 km, mud road 355 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport  Palanquin.

Cottage industries  Blacksmith, potteries, wood work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs  Hats and bazars are 87, fairs 6, most noted of which are Bibir Hat, Mohammad Takir Hat, Mazir Hat, Kala Munshi Hat, Daulatmunshi Hat, Fatikchhari Bazar, Azadi Bazar, Maizbhandar Sharif Mela, Orosh Mela and Baishakhi Mela.

Main exports  Tea, rubber.

Access to electricity  All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 43.86% (rural 41.77% and urban 66.72%) of the dwellings have access to electricity. 

Sources of drinking water  Tube-well 95.57%, tap 0.52%, pond 1.41% and others 2.50%.

Sanitation  34.27% (rural 32.78% and urban 50.62%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 49.25% (rural 49.80% and urban 43.26%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 16.47% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres  Upazila health complex 1, union health centre 10, family planning centre 7, charitable hospital 1.

NGO activities  brac, asa, caritas.  [Tilak Barua Rubel]

References  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Fatikchhari Upazila 2007. 

 

 

 

 

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