Gorai-Madhumati River a principal distributary of the ganges.
The same river has been named as the Gorai in the upper course and
Madhumati in the lower course. Once the main flow of the Ganges used to
be discharged by this river, although previously Hugli-Bhagirathi was the
original course of the Ganges. The Gorai takes off from the Ganges at
Talbaria, north of kushtia
town and 19 km downstream from hardinge bridge.
South of Kushtia its first offshoot, the Kaliganga branches off to join
near shailkupa. This river
has been dammed by one of the primary canals of the ganges-kobadak
irrigation project (G-K Project) and the lower half of
the course is now almost a dry bed. The main river bifurcates and rejoins
several times as it flows southeast to Mohammadpur upazila in Magura
district. From here it changes its name to Madhumati. The Kumar, the nabaganga and the chitra join it
through several channels south of Mollahat upazila. There it changes its
name to Baleshwar, which in turn changes to Haringhata from the Bogi
forest outpost of the sundarbans.
The Gorai-Madhumati has a flood discharge of nearly 7,000 cumec but in
winter its flow goes down to five cumec.
rivers between the Khulna-Ichamati, Ganges, Gorai-Madhumati and the bay
of bengal are connected by cross-channels, which are
especially numerous in the Sundarbans. They are of great importance for
inland navigation in the delta.
Gorai is a very old river. Its early name was Gauri. The famous
geographer and astronomer Ptolemy noticed about five estuarine mouths of
the Ganges. One of those, the ‘Kambari Khan’, was perhaps the Gorai. The
course of the Gorai-Madhumati is wide, long and meandering. From its
originating point at Kamarkhali, it is navigable by boats in the monsoon,
but in the dry season it becomes non-navigable. In the downstream it is
navigable throughout the year. Maximum recorded flow at Kamarkhali is
7,932 cumec. The breadth of the river increases as it flows down and at
the end it is about 3 km.
Gorai-Madhumati is one of the longest rivers in Bangladesh and its basin
is also very wide and extensive. It flows through Kushtia, Jessore,
Faridpur, Khulna, Pirojpur and Barguna districts. Agriculture and
irrigation in these areas are very much dependent on the Gorai-Madhumati.
Kumarkhali, Janipur, Sheuria, Ganeshpur, Khulumbari, Langalbandh,
Shachilapur, Nacole, Lohagara, Pangsha, Baliakandi, Boalmari, Kashiani,
Bhatiapara, Nazirpur, Kachua, Pirojpur, Sarankhola, Mathbaria, Patharghata
and Morrelganj are the important places on the banks of the
[Masud Hasan Chowdhury]
in ganges-padma river system.