Gupta, Ishwar Chandra (1812-1859) poet and journalist, was born on
March 1812 at the Kanchanpolli or Kanchrapara village in 24-Parganas in west
bengal. His father, Harinarayan Gupta, was a medical
practitioner of Ayurvedic school.
his mother’s death, Ishwar Chandra was brought up by his maternal uncle.
Though not particularly studious, he was intelligent and learned Bangla,
Sanskrit, and English as well as vedanta
philosophy. He was inspired by Premchandra Tarkavagish, a professor of sanskrit college,
and, helped by his friend Jogendra Mohan Tagore of Pathuriaghata, he
started the weekly sangbad prabhakar
from 28 January 1831. After about a year, however, the publication
stopped for lack of finances. In 10 August 1836 the publication of the
journal restarted, finally becoming a daily from 4 June 1839. Sangbad Prabhakar played an important role in forming modern Bengali society.
Chandra was highly traditional in outlook. He was critical of both young bengal
movement and hindu college.
He also opposed iswar chandra vidyasagar’s
movement for widow remarriage and wrote many satirical poems on the
subject. However, gradually his outlook and tried to understand his time
more objectively. He began delivering speeches at the Hindu Philanthropic
Society and in the tattvabodhini
sabha. He started supporting the idea of the remarriage
of virgin widows and women’s education.
Chandra is known as the poet of the transitional period of bangla literature.
Though his language, rhythm, and figures of speech were essentially
medieval, his subjects were, however, contemporary. He introduced the
trend of writing short poems. His writing, in which he was inspired by kaviyals or professional versifiers, is in the main satiric. In the Sambad
Prabhakar, he published many short, satiric poems on contemporary
events. He also wrote nationalistic poems. His play Bodhenduvikash (1863), which was published posthumously, shows
his remarkable control over language and rhythm.
Ishwar Chandra Gupta
Chandra was a nationalist, with strong feelings for his land and his
language. He started a movement for the improvement of Bangla and also
made it a point to use Bangla words unaffected by English.
his other important contributions are his biographies of Bharatchandra,
Ramprasad Sen, Ramnidhi Gupta, Haru Thakur, and other poets.
Prabhakar, he also edited a number of journals including Sangbadratnabali, Pasandapidan, and Sangbadsadhuravjan. He also edited Kalikirtan (1833) and Prabodh Prabhakar (1858) by Ramprasad Sen.
Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay edited some of Ishwar Chandra’s writings in Ishwar
Chandra Guptar Kavita
Sanggraha (Collected Poems, 1885)
Vratakatha (1913). Ishwar Chandra
died on 23 January 1859.