Jessore District (khulna division) with an area of 2578.20 sq km, is bounded by Jhenaidah and magura districts on the north, satkhira and khulna districts on the south, narail and Khulna districts on the east, West Bengal of India on the west. Annual average temperature: maximum 37.1°C, minimum 11.2°C; annual rain fall 1537 mm. Noted rivers are bhairab and Mukteshwari; beel 3.
Jessore (Town) which stands on the Bhairab, consists
of 9 wards and 73 mahalls. Jessore municipality was established in 1864.
The area of the town is 25.72 sq km. The town has a population of 1178273;
male 52.97%, female 47.03%. Literacy rate among the town people is 56.57%.
The town has one dakbungalow.
district was established in 1781. It consists of 4 municipalities, 36 wards, 8 upazilas, 92 unions, 1329 mouzas, 1434 villages and 120 mahallas. The upazilas are
Archaeological heritage and relics Remnants of the Chanchara Rajbari, Kali Mandir, Dargaha of Ghazi Kalu, Rajbari, Dighi and Mandir at Siddirpasha, remnants of the palace of king Mukut Roy (12th century), residence of Nawab Mir Jumla (17th century), Imam Bari built by Haji Muhammad Muhsin at Murli.
Historical events Jessore district belongs to the ancient Samatat Janapada. On the partition of India in 1947 Jessore was also partially divided. The entire district excepting Boangaon and Gaighata thanas was included into East Pakistan. The Bangali soldiers posted at Jessore cantonment revolted against the Pak army on 29 March 1971 led by Capt Hafiz Uddin and Lt Anwar in which about 300 soldiers were killed. The freedom fighters killed 50 Pak soldiers by machine gun at Chanchara.
Marks of the War of Liberation Memorial 5, mass killing site 1, memorial preservation centre1.
Population 2440693; male 51.22%, female 48.78%; Muslim 86.5%; Hindu 13.21% and others 0.29%.
Religious institutions Mosque 2936, temple 337, church 19, tomb 8, sacred place 4, most noted of which are Markas Mosque (Newmarket), Catholic Church, Marua Mandir and tomb of Hazrat Garib Shah.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 33.4%; male 41% and female 25.1%. Educational institutions: college 44, high school 347, junior school 16, community school 13, madrasa 271, primary school 1018, polytechnic institute 1. Noted institutions: Michael Madusudhan University College, Government City College, Jessore Government Mohila College, Daud Public School.
Cultural organisations Club 198, theatre group 24, theatre stage 5, cinema hall 19, public library 11, women's organisation 16, jatra party 6.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dainik Runner, Dainik Lok Samaj, Dainik Desh
Hitoishi, Dainik Purabi, Dainik Kalyan (extinct), weekly Gramer Kagaj, weekly Kabatakkha (extinct).
Main occupations Agriculture 39.84%, agricultural labourer 24.13%, wage labourer 2.68%, commerce 11.99%, service 8.66%, industry 1.41%, transport 3.11% and others 8.18%.
Main crops Paddy, jute, sugarcane, tuberose, vegetables.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Local varieties of paddy, tobacco.
Main fruits Date, jackfruit, papaya, banana, litchi and coconut.
Fisheries, dairies and poultries Poultry 1064, dairy 132, hatchery 39 and fishery 804.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 455.48 km, semi pucca 163.82 km and mud road 3628.69 km; waterways 70 nautical mile; railways 48 km; airport 1.
Traditional transport Palanquin and bullock cart.
These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Textile mill, ball pen factory, comb & button factory, plastic factory, biscuit factory, ice factory, oil mill, rice mill etc.
Cottage industries Weaving, bamboo work, goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, wood work, tailoring, etc.
Hats, bazars Total number of hats and bazars are 159, fair 15.
Main exports Cotton, jute, leather, jackfruit, banana, comb and date molasses,
NGO activities Operationally important
NGOs are brac, asa, grameen bank, proshika, Jagarani Chakra, Alo, Samaj
Kalyan Sangstha, Bachte Shekha and Nijera Kari.
Health centres Hospital, 2, upazila health complex 8, union health and family planning centre 74, private clinic 11, satellite clinic 14. [Mahibullah