Kishoreganj District (dhaka division) with an area of 2688.62 sq km, is bounded by netrokona and mymensingh districts on the north, narsingdi district on the southwest and brahmanbaria district on the southeast, sunamganj and habiganj districts on the east, gazipur and Mymensingh districts on the west. The soil formation of the district is alluvial sand coming from
Brahmaputra, Meghna and other small rivers. The soil is fertile. Annual average temperature- maximum 33.3°C, minimum 12°C; annual rainfall 2174 mm. There are hills and hillocks on the northern and depressions on southern parts of the district. Main rivers are old
brahmaputra, meghna, Kalni, Dhanu, Ghorautra, Baurii, Narasunda, Piyain; main depressions: Humaipur (Bajitpur), Somai (Nikli), Barir (Mithamain), Surma Baula (Nikli), and Tallar Haors (Nikli-Bajitpur-Austagram).
Kishoreganj (Town) consists of 9 wards and 56
mahallas. Kishoreganj municipality was established in 1869. The area of
the town is 19.57 sq km. It has a population of 77165; male 52.51%, female
47.49%. The density of population is 3943 per sq km. Literacy rate among
the town people is 59%. It has two dakbungalows.
Administration Kishoreganj district was established in 1984; earlier it was a subdivision under the Mymensingh district. The
subdivision was established in 1860. The district consists of four municipalities, 39 wards, 145 mahallas, 13 upazilas, 105 union parishads, 946 mouzas and 1775 villages. The upazilas are
katiadi, kishoreganj sadar, kuliarchar,
nikli, pakundia and
Tarail; municipalities are Kishoreganj Sadar, Bajitpur, Bhairab and Kuliarchar.
Archaeological heritage and relics
jangalbari fort (fifteenth century),
egarasindhur fort (fifteenth century),
sadi mosque (1652), Salanka Jame Mosque at Pakundia, Gurai Mosque at Bajitpur (1680), Kutub Shah Mosque at Austagram (1538), Jawar Saheb Bari Mosque at Tarail (1534), Badshahi Mosque at Itna (seventeenth century), Bhagalpur Dewan Bari Mosque at Bajitpur (eighteenth century), Sekandarnagar Mosque at Tarail (eighteenth century), Hazrat Samsuddin Bokhari Mosque Kurikhai at Katiadi (1005), Chandrabati Shiva Mondir (sixteenth century), Delhi Akhra at Mithamain, Arabic stone inscription discovered at village Ghagra, Nataraj Shiva Sculpture discovered at Nikli (fourteenth century), Krishnadas' deed for Nandakishore Pramanik discovered at Kishoreganj Sadar (1759).
Historical events In the ancient time Kishoreganj area was included in the kingdom of the Kamrupa. In the 11th and 12th century the Pala, Varman and Sena kings ruled this area or part of it. After that there arose petty independent kingdoms under the Koch, Hajong, Garo and Rajbanshi. Although in 1491 AD the greater part of Mymensingh was included within the Muslim rule under Firoz Shah, Kishoreganj remained outside. Greater part of Kishoreganj was included in the Mughal Empire during the rein of the Mughal Emperor
akbar. But some areas including Jangalbari and
remained under the Koch and Ahom kings. In 1538 AD the Ahom king of Egarasindhur
was defeated by the Mughals and in 1580 the Koch Chief of Jangalbari was defeated by
isa khan. The episode of the conflict between the Mughal Commander Man Singh and Isa Khan, the Chief of the
bara-bhuiyans in 1580 and the defeat of Man Singh at Egarasindhur
are still current. Though after the death of Isa Khan in 1599 the grater part of Kishoreganj was still under the rule of his son
musa khan, ultimately seceded to the
War of Liberation Memorial at Karaitala, monument in memory of martyr Khairul Jahan at
Population 2525221; male 50.29%, female 49.71%; Muslim 92.1%, Hindu 7.2% and others 0.7%.
Religious institutions Mosque 1035, temple 138.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 21.94%; male 26.94% and female 16.64%. Educational institutions: medical college 1, nursing training institute 1, university (under construction) 1, college 25, collegiate high school 4, high and junior high school 201, madrasa 120, technical training institute 2, government primary school 808, non-government primary school 1137, kindergarten 16. Noted old educational institutions: Kishoreganj Boy's High School (1881), Hafez Abdur Razzaque Pilot High School, Bajitpur (1890), Jangalbari High School (1862), Mangalbaria Madrasa, Pakundia (1872), Hossainpur High School (1890), Agarpur Gokulchandra High School, Kuliarchar (1907), Kodalia High School, Pakundia (1910), Achmita George Institute (1920), Banagram High School, Katiadi (1912), Azimuddin High School, Kishoreganj (1916).
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Daily Ajker Desh, Grihakon Bhatir Darpan, Pratahik Chitra; extinct: Weekly Aryagaurava (1904), Kishoreganj Batrabaha (1924), Akhtar (Urdu, 1926), Kishoreganj Batra (1946), Prativa (1952), Natun Patra (1962), Fortnightly Narasunda (1981), Grambangla (1985), Sristi (1986), Sakal (1988), Suchana (1990), Kishoreganj Parikrama (1991), Manihar (1991), Kishoreganj Prabaha (1993), Bibarani (Kuliarchar 1993).
organisations Club 240, cinema hall 23, literacy society 14, press club 1, theatre group 17, public libarary 10, women's organisation17, playground 53, theatre group 4, shishu academy 1, shilpakala academy 1.
Main occupations Agriculture 45.48%, fishing 1.87%, agricultural labourer 21.02%, wage labourer 3.29%, commerce 11.2%, transport 2.06%, service 4.47%, others 10.61%.
Land use Total cultivable land 187975.31 hectares, fallow land 5186.56 hectares; single crop 46.74%, double crop 39.44% and treble crop land 13.82%; land under irrigation 59.06%.
Land control Among the peasants 16.19% are landless, 13.35% marginal, 29.42% small, 18.94% intermediate and 22.10% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard seed, pulse, potato, peanut, corn, sugarcane and vegetables.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Kaun, local varieties of paddy.
Main fruits Banana, palm, tetul, chalta, lichee, olive, latkon, khira, jambura, amloki, hartaki, ata.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 280 km, semi pucca 210 km and mud road 5043.50; railways 57 km.
Traditional transport Palanquin, bulock cart, buffalo cart, horse carriage, elephant, gaina boat.
These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Kalia Chapra Sugar Mill (extinct), Kishoreganj Sugar Mill (extinct), Joshodal Textile Mills, Jeminee Textile Mills, Badam Tail Mills (extinct), Aftaf Feed Mills Ltd are noted.
Cottage industries Chess (Austagram), cane and bamboo work, iron work, wood work, etc. Maslin (Bajitpur, Jangalbari), oyster pearl (Bajitpur Astagram), paper Betal-Tatarkandi, Katiadi, Kuliarchar), tusk goods (Boulai, Kishoreganj), Shital Pati (Austagram), conch goods, etc.
Hats, bazars and fairs Hat and bazars are 149, most noted are Hossainpur, Pumdi, Katiadi, Sararchar, Hilsia, Karimganj, Austagram, Itna, Kuliarchar, Agarpur, Tarail, Kaliachapar. Noted fairs: Kurikhi Mela (Katiadi), Jhulon Mela (Batrish), Kaimar Bauli Mela (Bajitpur), Kamalpur Mela (Sararchar), Austami Mela (Hossainpur, Mathkhola, Tarail, Dumrakandhi), Muharram Mela (Austagram), Porabaria Mela (Pakundia), Kanduliar Mela (Kuliarchar), Nikli Mela, Guroi Mela (Nikli), Bhagalpur Mela (Bajitpur).
Main exports Paddy, jute, banana, chicken, vegetables, litchi, mustard seed, peanut.
activities Operationally important NGOs are
Care, brac, proshika, Popy, Global Village, ARA, Pallibikash.
Health centres Hospital 6, upazila health complex 13, subhealth centre 17, TB clinic 1, maternity centre 3, family welfare centre 61. [Hakim