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Kotalipara Upazila (gopalganj district)  area 362.05 sq km, located in between 22°52´ and 23°08´ north latitudes and in between 89°55´ and 89°08´ east longitudes. It is bounded by rajoir and madaripur sadar upazilas on the north, nazirpur and wazirpur upazilas on the south, agailjhara, gaurnadi and kalkini upazilas on the east, gopalganj sadar and tungipara upazilas on the west.

Population  Total  227025; male 115281, female 111744; Muslim 103116, Hindu 117355, Buddhist 6496 and others 58.

Water bodies  Main rivers: Ghagar, Bisharkandi; Janihania Canal and Gopalganj Beel are notable.

Administration  Kotalipara upazila was formed in 1983.

 

Upazila

Municipality

Union

Mouza

Village

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

1

12

100

197

10406

216619

627

53.6

49.6

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

2.05

9

9

4994

2436

63.0

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

5.12

5

5412

1057

45.0

Union

Name of union and GO code

Area
(acre)

Population

Literacy rate
](%)

Male

Female

Amtali 13

4589

9038

9529

48.68

Kalabari 39

11683

12040

11710

49.13

Kandi 47

13191

8750

8015

48.93

Kushla 55

6800

10480

10344

49.01

Ghagar 23

2650

5016

4866

46.73

Pinjuri 63

8406

10973

10413

45.54

Bandhabari 15

3832

5397

5360

48.15

Radhaganj 71

7220

11534

11053

51.28

Ramshil 79

7233

9342

9045

58.24

Suagram 94

4651

4147

3979

53.50

Sadullapur 87

14508

15505

14541

49.01

Hiran 31

4702

10438

10516

46.56

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

 

Archaeological heritage and relics  Kotalipara Union Institution (1898), Bahutali Sikder Bari Mosque (200 years old), Dighalia Dakhina Kalibari.

History of the War of Liberation  On 14 May 1971, the Pak army killed about 150 innocent persons at Kalabari area; they also set many houses of the area on fire. The Pak army raided the Rajapur camp of the freedom fighters (Hemayet Bahini); however, the Pak army was forced to retreat on the verge of counter attack. An encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army on 14 July in which one freedom fighter was killed and the commander of Hemayet Bahini, Hemayet Uddin was wounded. On 12 October the Pak army brutally killed about 200 innocent persons at Kalabari. The Pak army was defeated in a battle with the freedom fighters on 2 December. The freedom fighter captured 600 Pak soldiers and 120 local razakars on 3 December, and on this day Kotalipara was liberated.

 

 

Marks of the War of Liberation  Memorial monument 1 (in memory of 16 freedom fighters).

Religious institutions  Mosque 220, temple 228, church 39, tomb 1, sacred place 2.

Literacy rate and educational institutions  Average literacy 49.8%; male 54.7%, female 44.8%. Educational institutions: college 5, secondary school 41, primary school 152, kindergarten 4, community primary school 24, madrasa 23. Noted educational institutions: Sheikh Lutfar Rahman Adarsha Government College, Ramshil Union College, Sheikh Hasina Adarsha College, Kotalipara Union Institution, Kotalipara SN Institution, Gopalpur KN Secondary School, East Kotalipara Union High School (1925), West Kotalipara Union Institution (1923), East North Kotalipara SS Madrasa.

Cultural organisations  Library 5, club 50, cinema hall 1, circuit house 1, jatra party 1, cultural organisation 2, sport organisation 2, youth organisation 19, women society 63.

Main sources of income  Agriculture 70.40%, non-agricultural labourer 1.11%, industry 0.40%, commerce 13.80%, transport and communication 1.00%, service 6.14%, construction 1.34%, religious service 0.25%, rent and remittance 0.06% and others 5.50%.

Ownership of agricultural land  Landowner 84.46%, landless 15.54%; agricultural landowner: urban 54.74% and rural 85.84%.

Main crops  Paddy, wheat, ground-nut, mesta.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops  Sesame, aus paddy, mug, china, kaun, linseed.

Main fruits  Water-melon, futi, palm.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries  Fishery 581 (shrimp cultivation), dairy 40, poultry 173.

Communication facilities  Pucca road 81.83 km, semi-pucca road 18.73 km, mud road 284.63 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport  Palanquin, horse carriage.

Cottage industries  Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, bamboo, wood and cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs  Hats and bazars are 14, fairs 5, most noted of which are Ghagar Bazar, Sikir Bazar, Kalindi Bazar and Trimukhi Bazar; Bhangarhat, Pinjuri Hat, Ramshil Hat, Dhara Basail Hat, Chowdhury Bari Hat, Pirer Bari Hat, Bandhabari Hat, Narikelbari Hat, Radhaganj Hat and Kaliganj Hat. Trimukhi, Ramshil, Kalindi, Ghagar and Kaliganj melas are notable.

Main exports  Paddy, fish.

Access to electricity  All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 5.74% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources  Pit coal has been discovered in the in the Bagiar Beel area of the upazila.

Sources of drinking water  Tube-well 91.93%, tap 0.14%, pond 4.60% and others 3.33%. The presence of intolerable level of arsenic has been detected 79% in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation  53.73% (rural 52.49% and urban 80.49%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 36.12% (rural 37.06% and urban 15.88%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 10.15% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres  Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 2, union health and family planning centre 12, clinic 1, community clinic 22.

NGO activities  Operationally important NGOs are proshika, brac, asa, World Vision, caritas, Ashar Alo.  [Swapan Kumar Gain]

References  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Kotalipara Upazila 2007.

 

 

 

 

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