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Meherpur District (khulna division)  area 716.08 sq km, located in between 23°36´ and 23°58´ north latitudes and in between 88°33´and 88°53´ east longitudes. It is bounded by kushtia district and west bengal state of India on the north, chuadanga district and West Bengal state of India on the south, Chuadanga and Kushtia districts on the east, West Bengal state of India on the west.

Population  Total 591436; male 303166, female 288270; Muslim 576962, Hindu 6779, Buddhist 7389, Christian 21 and others 285.

Water bodies  Main rivers: bhairab, ichamati, Mathabhaga, Kazla.

 

District

Area
(sq km)

Upazila

Municipality

Union

Mouza

Village

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

Urban

Rural

716.08

3

1

18

190

278

68154

523282

826

37.8

Others Information of District

Name of Upazila

Area
(sq km)

Municipality

Union

Mouza

Village

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

Gangni

341.98

-

9

100

143

269085

787

36.5

Mujibnagar

112.68

-

4

27

30

89886

798

40.2

Meherpur Sadar

261.42

1

5

60

104

232465

889

38.4

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

 

Administration  During the British rule in India Meherpur was under Nadia district. Meherpur Town was established in early sixteenth century. Meherpur Municipality was formed in 1960. Meherpur district was formed on 24 February 1984.

 

 

History of the War of Liberation  On 30 and 31 March 1971 the Pak army equipped with most modern arms and ammunitions was miserably defeated in a battle with the Ansar Mujahid and general people of Gangni upazila. On 17 April 1971 Professor mohammad yusuf ali read out the proclamation of independence at Mujibnagar (former name Bhaberpara, Badhayanathtola). The first provisional government of Bangladesh took oath on the same day. On 18 April 1971 the Pak army killed 8 innocent persons at Amjhupi of Meherpur Town.

Marks of the War of Liberation  Mass killing site 1 (backyard of Meherpur College); mass grave  2 (Kazipur and Tepukhali maidans); memorial monument 1 (Mujibnagar Memorial Monument).

Literacy rate and educational institutions  Average literacy 37.8%; male 39.9%, female 35.6%. Educational institutions: college 7, vocational institute 3, secondary school 60, primary school 200, madrasa 11. Noted educational institutions: Meherpur Government College (1962), Mujibnagar Degree College (1983), Gangni Degree College (1983), Meherpur Government Mohila College (1984), Gangni Mohila College (1995), Meherpur Government Boys’ High School (1854), Meherpur Model High School (1859), Mujibnagar Secondary School (1937), Meherpur Government Girls’ School (1940), Gangni Secondary School (1945).

Main sources of income  Agriculture 68.95%, non-agricultural labourer 3.24%, industry 0.87%, commerce 13.83%, transport and communication 2.21%, service 3.81%, construction 1.03%, religious service 0.14%, rent and remittance 0.59% and others 5.33%.

Newspapers and periodicals  Daily: Azam; weekly: Parichay (1985), Chumbak (1986); fortnightly: Pashimanchal; monthly: Sadhak (1913), Palli Shree (1935), Simanta (1962), Probaha (1979); periodical: Basumati, Nandankanan; bulletin:  Raktashaskhar (irregular), Agami (irregular); defunct: weekly Mujibnagar (1988), weekly Meherpur (1992).

Folk culture  Notable folk culture of the district include Baul song, Dehatatva song, Shashra song, Pala song, Kabi song, riddle, proverbs, etc.

Important installations  Mujibnagar Memorial Monument and Complex. 

[Md. Abu Hasan Farooque]

See also  The upazilas under this district.

References  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Meherpur District 2007; Cultural survey report of Upazilas of Meherpur District 2007.

 

 

 

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