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Raipur Upazila (lakshmipur district)  area 247.40 sq km, located in between 22°53´ and 23°04´ north latitudes and in between 90°38´ and 90°50´ east longitudes. It is bounded by faridganj and ramganj upazilas on the north, lakshmipur sadar and mehendiganj upazilas on the south, Lakshmipur Sadar upazila on the east, hizla and haimchar upazilas and meghna river on the west.

Population  Total  236965; male 118562, female 118403; Muslim 228361, Hindu 8566, Christian 23 and others 15.

Water bodies  Main river: Meghna.

Administration  Raipur Thana was formed in 1877 and it was turned into an upazila on 24 March 1983.

 

Upazila

Municipality

Union

Mouza

Village

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

1

10

49

81

53365

183600

958

55.9

38.2

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

10.02

9

15

25738

2569

52.67

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

22.06

4

27627

1252

58.90

Union

Name of union and GO code

Area
(acre)

Population

Literacy rate
(%)

Male

Female

North Char Ababil 23

8002

11805

11567

29.90

North Char Bangshi 35

16722

16322

15391

32.90

Keroa 59

4940

14221

14860

59.91

Char Mohana 47

6139

9669

9890

40.26

Char Pata 52

2078

7595

7366

51.81

South Char Ababil 28

4317

10261

10333

30.93

South Char Bangshi 38

6870

9674

9500

25.07

Bamni 11

3610

11299

12257

49.09

Raipur 71

4078

5360

5154

40.25

Sonapur 83

2589

9064

9639

45.15

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

 

Archaeological heritage and relics  Three domed Jinn’s Mosque (18th century) at village Keroa, Zamindar Bari at Shayestanagar.

History of the War of Liberation  The Pak army established a Razakar Camp in the Raipur Aliya Madrasa during the war of liberation. The razakars used to kill many people including freedom fighers in this camp. Encounters between the freedom fighters and the Pak army were held at Kafilatali and on the bank of Kazir Dighi. One of the important events of the War of Liberation of this upazila is the attack of the freedom fighters on the Pak army camp at Raipur LM High School.

 

 

Marks of the War of Liberation  Memorial monument 1 (in front of the Upazila Parisad Auditorium).

Religious  institutions  Mosque 308, temple 9, tomb 5, dargah 1. Noted religious institutions: Raipur Bara Mosque, Jinn’s Mosque, Pirbari Mosque, Dargah of Bara Mian Saheb.

Literacy rate and educational institutions  Average literacy 42.3%; male 44.4%, female 40.2%. Educational institutions: college 3, secondary school 26, primary school 80, madrasa 21. Noted educational institutions: Raipur Womens’ College (1963), Raipur Government College (1970), Char Ababil SC High School (1910), Raipur LM Pilot High School (1911), Char Ababil Rachim Uddin High School (1914), North Keroa Government Primary School (1895), Raipur Aliya Madrasa (1886), Lamchari Karamatia Fazil Madrasa (1922).

Newspapers and periodicals  Fortnightly: Abasar, monthly: Dakatia, quaterly: Raipur Darpan (1998), Prothom Jagaran.

Cultural organisations  Library 1, club 1, press club 1, society and organisation 78, women organisation 53, music school 1, theatre group 1, cinema hall 2. Noted Cultural organisation: Khelaghar.

Main sources of income  Agriculture 47.16%, non-agricultural labourer 2.85%, industry 0.70%, commerce 14.01%, transport and communication 4.14%, service 9.69%, construction 2.28%, religious service 0.47%, rent and remittance 8.71% and others 9.99%.

Ownership of agricultural land  Landowner 51.92%, landless 48.08%; agricultural landowner: urban 51.45% and rural 52.06%.

Main crops  Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, mustard, potato, soybean, maize.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops  Kaun, joar, sesame, linseed, khesari, kalai.

Main fruits  Coconut, betel nut, mango, jackfruit, banana, hog-plum, lemon.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries  Fishery 8, poultry 72, hatchery 9, dairy farm 14.

Communication facilities  Pucca road 64 km, semi-pucca road 59 km, mud road 827 km. Embankment 96.5 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport  Palanquin, bullock cart. 

Noted manufactories  Textile mill 1, rice mill 62, flour mill 25, biscuit factory 14, ice factory 7, bidi factory 2, saw mill 30, oil mill 5, welding factory 25, aluminium factory 1, brick-field 4.

Cottage industries  Goldsmith, bamboo and cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs  Hats and bazars are 28, most noted of which are Raipur Bazar, Haiderganj Bazar, Khaser Hat, Rakhalia Hat.

Main exports  Coconut, betel nut, soybean, maize.

Access to electricity  All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 26.45% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water  Tube-well 90.41%, pond 4.88%, tap 0.93% and others 3.78%.

Sanitation  58.87% (rural 53.38% and urban 77.87%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 32.44% (rural 37.02% and urban 16.6%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.69% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres  Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 2, family planning centre 7, clinic 6.

NGO activities  Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa.  [Nazmul Ahsan Raju]

References  Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Raipur Upazila 2007.

 

 

 

 

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