Safflower oil yielding tropical plant, Carthamus
tinctorius, widely cultivated in India, USA, Mediterranean region,
and China. The dried florets were once the source of red to reddish yellow
dye, and is still used for dying cloth, colouring confectioneries, and
for rouge. It is now grown commercially as an oil seed crop; the oil is
used extensively in paints and varnishes. In Bangladesh it is now planted
in some limited areas of Dhaka and Faridpur districts as winter crop.
The herbaceous plant (0.5-2 m) is much branched with spinaceous leaves
and branches of inflorescence. The oil cake is a good fodder for poultry.
[Mostafa Kamal Pasha]